Catholic History

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Roman Catholicism [A Study Outline]

By Pastor Steve Harmon Th.G., B.S., Th.M., Th.D. (1991)

Maineville Baptist Church, 57 East Foster-Maineville Road Maineville, Ohio 45039 (513) 683-6708 E-Mail

Roman Catholicism

I. History - Constantine

A. Constantine followed the historical church period from 100 A.D. through 313 A.D. There are ten persecutions of the church by the end of this church period.

1. Nero (64 - 68) - Killed Peter and Paul.

2. Domitian (81 - 96) - Killed thousands of believers. Banished John to Patmos.

3. Trajan (98-117) - The first to pass laws against Christianity.

4. Pius (137-161) - Killed Polycarp, a disciple of John.

5. Marcus Aurelius (161-180) - Thought Christianity an absurd superstition. Beheaded Justin Martyr.

6. Severus (193-211) - Killed Origen's father.

7. Thracian (235-238) - Brutal barbarian who commanded all Christian leaders to die.

8. Decius (249-251) - Determined to exterminate Christianity.

9. Valerian (253-260) - Killed Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage.

10. Diocleatian (284-305) - Last and most severe persecution. For ten years believers were hunted in caves and forests. They were burned, thrown to wild beasts, and put to death by every torture cruelty could devise. But Diocletian's own wife and daughter accepted Christ.

B. The next historical period saw the "marrying" of the pagan religions and Christianity.

1. They were given over to many Greek idols, the two most prominent were:

a. Baccas - the god of revelry.

b. Asclepius - the god of healing.

C. Rome demanded cooperation of all groups under their reign.

D. Constantine "married" paganism and the church, the world and the church.

E. Constantine was the son of a Roman emperor. He felt that he should have the throne. He amassed an army and headed for Rome.

F. Constantine needed the backing of the Christians, as well as the pagans, which he already had.

G. October 28, 312 A.D. at the Battle of Milvian Bridge on the Tiber River, he had a vision; he saw a sign in the sky, which said "In this sign conquer."

H. Constantine vowed that if the God of the Christians would help him to win this battle, he would become a Christian.

I. Constantine, carefully described the cross he saw, and had it placed on the shield of the soldiers.

J. The cross was an Egyptian "ankh" a T with a circle on top, this is the sign of the sun God, and Tammuz.

{Graphic in booklet}

K. He won the battle, took Rome, and attributed it to the sign.

L. In 313 A.D., Constantine signed the edict of toleration (no more persecution of the church). He declared himself to be the "Protector of Christianity".

M. Constantine ordered the production of 50 copies of the Holy Scriptures.

1. Eusebious produced these Bibles.

2. He used the Hexapolis. This was a parallel Bible with six versions in it. He used the most corrupt of them.

3. This is the origin of false Bibles.

4. The Siniaticus and the Vaticanus were written during this period.

a. These are often called the Septuagint.

b. The Septuagint was suppose to be a Greek translation of the Old Testament, that Jesus quoted from.

c. There are NO earlier versions of the Septuagint.

d. I do not accept that there was a Septuagint.

II. Pagan Practices Married to the Church of Rome

The Church that never changes has been in a constant state of change since it's inception in the third century. Here is a partial list of added practices complete with the dates that they were started.

A. 312 A.D. Symbol of the cross (tau) for the church.

B. Cir-300 Infant baptism.

C. 300 A.D. Prayers for the dead.

D. 300 A.D. Making the sign of the cross.

E. 375 A.D. Worship of angels.

F. 375 A.D. Worship of saints.

G. 394 A.D. Mass instituted.

H. 431 A.D. Worship of Mary.

I. 500 A.D. Priests dressing differently from laymen.

J. 526 A.D. Extreme unction (Last Rights).

K. 593 A.D. Doctrine of purgatory.

L. 600 A.D. Services conducted in Latin.

M. 600 A.D. Prayers conducted to Mary.

N. 607 A.D. Boniface the third made the first Pope.

O. 709 A.D. Kissing of the Pope's foot.

P. 786 A.D. Worshipping of images and relics.

Q. 850 A.D. Use of Holy Water.

R. 995 A.D. Canonization of dead saints (You may now pray to them).

S. 1079 A.D. Celibacy of the priesthood.

T. 1090 A.D. Rosary (prayer beads instituted).

U. 1215 A.D. Transubstantiation (The wafer becomes the literal flesh of Jesus Christ).

V. 1220 A.D. Adoration of the wafer (host).

W. 1229 A.D. Bible is forbidden to the laymen.

X. 1414 A.D. Cup forbidden to be touched during Holy Communion.

Y. 1439 A.D. Doctrine of seven Sacraments affirmed.

Z. 1508 A.D. The Ave Maria approved. (Hail to Mary).

a. 1534 A.D. Jesuit order founded.

b. 1545 A.D. Tradition granted equal authority with the Bible.

c. 1546 A.D. Apocryphal books placed in the Bible.

d. 1854 A.D. Immaculate conception of Mary.

e. 1864 A.D. Syllabus of errors proclaimed.

f. 1870 A.D. Infallibility of the Pope declared.

g. 1935 A.D. Assumption of the Virgin Mary.

h. 1965 A.D. Mary proclaimed the Mother of the Church.

III. Mother / Son Worship - Starting Before Christ

A. Nimrod

Genesis 10:8-10 And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.

Genesis 11:1-9 And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech. And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there. And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for mortar. And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth. And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded. And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech. So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city. Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.

1. Semiramis, his wife, deified Nimrod after his death.

2. Semiramis gave birth to a son, sometime after his death, and said it was virgin born.

3. Tammuz was the name of her son.

4. She claimed him to be the promised seed.

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

5. She and Tammuz were worshipped as deity.

B. Mother and son worship spread around the world.

Jeremiah 51:7 Babylon hath been a golden cup in the LORD'S hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of her wine; therefore the nations are mad.

Revelation 18:3 For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies.

C. Examples of Mother and Son worship:

1. Semiramis and Tammuz. (Babylon)

2. Shingmoo [or Holy Mother] and child. (China)

3. Virgin Hertha with Child. (Ancient Germany)

4. Disa with Child. (Scandinavia)

5. Nutria with child. (Etruscans)

6. Virgo-Patitura (the Mother of God) with Child. (Druids)

7. Indrani and Child. (India)

8. Aphrodite or Ceres. (Greeks)

9. Nana. (Sumarians)

10. Venus or Fortuna with child Jupiter. (Rome)

11. Devaki and Crishna. (India)

12. Isi and Iswara. (India)

13. Cybele and Deoius. (Asia) Wife of Baal, virgin queen of heaven, fruit born without conception.

14. Ashtoreth (wife of Baal). (Philistines)(Phoenicians)

Judges 2:13 And they forsook the Lord, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.

Jeremiah 44:17-19 But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil. But since we left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine. And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings unto her, without our men?

Jeremiah 44:25 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her: ye will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows.

15. Isis and Horus. (Egypt)

16. Diana. (Ephesus)

Acts 19:35 And when the town clerk had appeased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshiper of the great goddess Diana, and of the image which fell down from Jupiter?

D. Illustrations of Mother-Son Gods.

{Graphics in booklet}

IV. Mary Worship

A. Mary worship had no part of early Christianity.

1. "...during the first centuries of the church, no emphasis was placed on Mary whatsoever." - Encyclopedia Britanica, vol. 14, p. 309.

2. "Devotion to Our Blessed Lady in its ultimate analysis must be regarded as a practical application of the doctrine of the Communion of Saints. Seeing that this doctrine is not contained, at least explicitly, in the earlier forms of the Apostles' Creed, there is perhaps no ground for surprise if we do not meet with any clear traces of the cultus of the Blessed Virgin in the first Christians centuries," the worship of Mary being a later development. - The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 15, p. 459.

3. Epiphanius, died 403 A.D., denounced certain ones of Trace, Arabia, and elsewhere, for worshipping Mary as a goddess and offering cakes at her shrine. She should be held in honour, he said, "but let no one adore Mary." - The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 15, p. 460.

4. It was at the Council of Ephesus (Where Diana, the Mother Goddess was worshipped) in 431 A.D. that an official doctrine for Mary worship was adopted.

B. Mary's titles also show that this worship came from old worship of a mother goddess.

1. Madonna; is the translation of one of the titles by which the Babylonian goddess was known.

2. My Lady; translation of Baalti, the wife of Baal.

3. The Lady of the Sea; after the Phoenician mother goddess.

4. The Mediatrix; as a mediator, Mylitta, a title for mother goddess. The Bible states that only Jesus is the mediator.

1 Timothy 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;

5. The Queen of Heaven; Ashtoreth was called this in the scripture.

6. The Mother of God; Isis was called this, the theologians of Alexander, Egypt put this on Mary. Mary is the mother of only the physical body and human nature of Jesus, not His deity.

IV. Jezebel, Dan, Catholic Church Revelation 2:18-29

A. Jezebel - Like the others is a class of people rather than a particular person.

1. Nicolaitanes - Meaning: to conquer the laity.

Revelation 2:6 But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitanes, which I also hate.

2. Antipas - Meaning: Against the Papacy or Fatherdom.

Revelation 2:13 I know thy works and where thou dwellest, even where Satan's seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.

3. Doctrine of Balaam - The intermarriage of false gods.

Revelation 2:14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.

B. As a Class of people who is Jezebel?

1. Dan is called a serpent, so is Satan.

Genesis 49:17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward.

Genesis 3:1-4 Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden? And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:

Genesis 3:13-15 And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life: And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

2. Dan is called a Lion, Satan is called a lion.

Deuteronomy 33:22 And of Dan he said, Dan is a lion's whelp: he shall leap from Bashan.

1 Peter 5:8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

3. Dan gets a young man to be a priest for his whole tribe, this is against the Levitical law.

Judges 18:1-6 In those days there was no king in Israel: and in those days the tribe of the Danites sought them an inheritance to dwell in; for unto that day all their inheritance had not fallen unto them among the tribes of Israel. And the children of Dan sent of their family five men from their coasts, men of valour, from Zorah, and from Eshtaol, to spy out the land, and to search it; and they said unto them, Go, search the land: who when they came to mount Ephraim, to the house of Micah, they lodged there. When they were by the house of Micah, they knew the voice of the young man the Levite: and they turned in thither, and said unto him, Who bought thee hither? and what makest thou in this place? and what hast thou here? And he said unto them, Thus and thus dealeth Micah with me, and hath hired me, and I am his priest. And they said unto him, Ask counsel, we pray thee, of God, that we may know whether our way which we go shall be prosperous. And the priest said unto them, Go in peace: before the LORD is your way wherein ye go.

Judges 18:15-19 And they turned thitherward, and came to the house of the young man the Levite, even unto the house of Micah, and saluted him. And the six hundred men appointed with their weapons of war, which were of the children of Dan, stood by the entering of the gate. And the five men that went to spy out the land went up, and came in thither, and took the graven image, and the ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten image: and the priest stood in the entering of the gate with the six hundred men that were appointed with weapons of war. And these went into Micah's house, and fetched the carved image, the ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten image. Then said the priest unto them, What do ye, And they said unto him, Hold thy peace, lay thine hand upon thy mouth, and go with us, and be to us a father and a priest: is it better for thee to be a priest unto the house of one man, or that thou be a priest unto a tribe and a family in Israel?

4. This priest is called father.

Judges 17:10 And Micah said unto him, Dwell with me, and be unto me a father and a priest, and I will give thee ten shekels of silver by the year, and a suit of apparel, and thy victuals. So the Levite went in.

Judges 18:19 And they said unto him, Hold thy peace, lay thine hand upon thy mouth, and go with us, and be to us a father and a priest: is it better for thee to be a priest unto the house of one man, or that thou be a priest unto a tribe and a family in Israel? We are commanded by Jesus to call no man father but God!

Matthew 23:9 And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.

5. This priest takes care of idols which are used as an aid to worship.

Judges 18:20 And the priest's heart was glad, and he took the ephod, and the teraphim, and the graven image, and went in the midst of the people.

6. Dan settles up near Zidon and Tyre on the Phoenician coast.

Judges 18:28 And there was no deliverer, because it was far from Zidon, and they had no business with any man; and it was in the valley that lieth by Bethrehob. And they built a city, and dwelt therein.

7. Dan is in total apostasy for nearly 1000 years, mixing with the natives of the people.

Judges 18:30-31 And the children of Dan set up the graven image: and Jonathan, the son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh, he and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land. And they set them up Micah's graven image, which he made, all the time that the house of God was in Shiloh.

8. The Canaanites settled this part of the country. They were involved in Baal worship.

Genesis 10:19 And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.

9. King Ahab takes over, marries the daughter of the king of the Zidonians, and serves Baal, the Phoenician god. His wife's' name: Jezebel.

1 Kings 16:29-33 And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years. And Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the LORD above all that were before him. And it came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took to wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Zidonians, and went and served Baal, and worshipped him. And he reared up an altar for Baal in the house of Baal, which he had built in Samaria. And Ahab made a grove; and Ahab did more to provoke the LORD God of Israel to anger than all the kings of Israel that were before him.

10. Baal worship is conducted from 6 in the morning until noon.

1 Kings 18:26 And they took the bullock which was given them, and they dressed it, and called on the name of Baal from morning even until noon, saying, O Baal, hear us. But there was no voice, nor any that answered. And they leaped upon the altar which was made.

11. They worshipped the fire and the sun on the sun god's day: Sunday.

1 Kings 18:24-25 And call ye on the name of your gods, and I will call on the name of the LORD: and the God that answereth by fire, let him be God. And all the people answered and said, It is well spoken. And Elijah said unto the prophets of Baal, Choose you one bullock for yourselves, and dress it first; for ye are many; and call on the name of your gods, but put no fire under.

12. These priests mutilate their bodies to get what they want from God.

1 Kings 18:28 And they cried aloud, and cut themselves after their manner with knives and lancets, till the blood gushed out upon them.

a. Though it is practiced today to gain favor with God, and get forgiveness for sins, it was ridiculed in the early church. - Athenagoras' "Legito pro Christ"; Wertzburg, 1777. Section 14, page 134.

b. On Good Friday; in Rome, Madrid, and other holy cities; thousands flock to see the flagellants beat themselves until their blood flows from their body. -Herds' "Rites and Ceremonies." Page 175.

c. The honoring of Christ's death by self beating until the blood flowed was practiced by the followers of Osiris on the anniversary of his death. - Hurd's "Rome in the 19th Century", Volume 3, page 251.

13. These priests wear long robes called vestments. Consequently, they have vestries and vestry men for their vestments.

2 Kings 10:22 And he said unto him that was over the vestry, Bring forth vestments for all the worshippers of Baal. And he brought them forth vestments. Christ warns of people in long robes, seeking the attention of man.

Mark 12:38-40 And he [Jesus] said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love salutations in the marketplaces, And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts: Which devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.

14. These Baal worshippers cut down a tree and decked it with gold, on their god's birthday; December 25.

Jeremiah 10:1-5 Hear ye the word which the LORD speaketh unto you, O house of Israel: Thus saith the LORD, Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; for the heathen are dismayed at them. For the customs of the people are vain: for one cutteth a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the ax. They deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not. They are upright as the palm tree, but speak not: they must needs be borne, because they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; for they cannot do evil, neither also is it in them to do good.

a. December 25th, was celebrated as the birthday of the sun god. Because at this time the days began to get longer. Winter solstice.

b. "On the 24th of the tenth month [December] the Arabians celebrated the birthday of the lord [the Moon god]." - Stanley's History of Philosophy; London, 1687.

c. The ancient Saxon's celebrated the birth of any lord of the Hosts of Heaven on this day.

d. December 25 was the "celebration of the victory of the unconquered Sun". - Gieseler's Ecclesiastical History; Edinburgh, 1846.

e. Trees as gods and in worship:

1). Egypt- Tree was a palm tree - Baal-Tamar.

2). Rome- Tree was a fir tree - Baal-Berith.

3). Greece- Adonis' mother was turned into a tree.

f. Yule log is burned on Christmas Eve and a Christmas tree appears the next morning. The tree represents Zero-Ashta (god).

g. Yule log also represents the dead stock of Nimrod, cut down by his enemies, but is reborn the next morning to shine again. Represented by a tree carrying lighted candles.

15. They baked cakes to offer to their female deity who they called "the queen of heaven" 1000 years before the birth of Christ.

Jeremiah 44:17-19 But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil. But since we left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine. And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings unto her, without our men?

Jeremiah 44:25 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her: ye will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows.

C. Dan and Ephraim removed from being tribes.

1. Dan is last mentioned in Amos.

a. He is never mentioned in the New Testament.

b. He is cursed to never be brought back up again.

c. Dan in not one of the Tribes at the coming of the Lord for this reason.

d. Amos 8:14 They that swear by the sin of Samaria, and say, Thy god, O Dan, liveth; and, The manner of Beersheba liveth; even they shall fall, and never rise up again.

2. Ephraim is cut off.

a. Ephraim is cut off, the Bow is filled with him. Zechariah 9:9-13.

b. Joseph is raised up to replace Ephraim.Zechariah 10:6-7.

c. Ephraim is mentioned once in the New Testament, but this is not a reference to the man, nor the tribe; but to a city by that name. John 11:54

D. Charting the Twelve Tribes of Israel from Jacob through the Tribulation.

1. The Twelve Tribes of Israel are Blessed by Jacob their father. - Genesis 49:1-28.

a. Reuben v. 3

b. Simeon v. 5

c. Levi v. 5

d. Judah v. 8

e. Zebulun v. 13

f. Issachar v. 14

g. Dan v. 16

h. Gad v. 19

i. Asher v. 20

j. Naphtali v. 21

k. Joseph v. 22

l. Benjamin v. 27

2. The Twelve Tribes of Israel are Blessed by Moses their leader. - Deuteronomy 33:6-25.

a. Reuben v. 6

b. Simeon Not Mentioned?

c. Levi v. 8

d. Judah v. 7

e. Zebulun v. 18

f. Issachar v. 18

g. Dan v. 22

h. Gad v. 20

i. Asher v. 24

j. Naphtali v. 23

k. Joseph v. 13

l. Benjamin v. 12

m. Ephraim v. 17 (Son of Joseph)

n. Manasseh v. 17 (Son of Joseph)

3. The Twelve tribes of Israel are divided according to their portion of land, as reported by Ezekiel the Prophet. - Ezekiel 48:1-27.

a. Reuben v. 6

b. Simeon v. 25

c. Levi v. 10-22 (No Portion)

d. Judah v. 7

e. Zebulun v. 26

f. Issachar v. 25

g. Dan v. 1

h. Gad v. 27

i. Asher v. 2

j. Naphtali v. 3

k. Joseph (No Portion)

l. Benjamin v. 22

m. Ephraim v. 5 (Son of Joseph)

n. Manasseh v. 4 (Son of Joseph)

4. The Twelve thousand of each of the Twelve Tribes of Israel sealed by God, in the Tribulation. - Revelation 7:4-8.

a. Reuben v. 5

b. Simeon v. 7

c. Levi v. 7

d. Judah v. 5

e. Zebulun v. 8

f. Issachar v. 7

g. Dan (No Longer a Tribe)

h. Gad v. 5

i. Asher v. 6

j. Naphtali v. 6

k. Joseph v. 8

l. Benjamin v. 8

m. Ephraim (No Longer a Tribe) (Son of Joseph)

n. Manasseh v. 6 (Son of Joseph)

V. Doctrine

A. Baptismal Regeneration.

1. "Absolute necessity for salvation ... regenerates us by a new spiritual birth, making us children of God." - Hayes, Bishop; "Sincere Christian", Doublin, Ireland, 1783. pp. 363, 356.

2. Two exceptions to this rule:

a. An infidel, converted in a heathen land, where it is impossible to get baptism.

b. A martyr, who is baptized in his own blood.

3. Without baptism even an infant cannot enter into heaven. "Before the gates (of hell) the cries of babes newborn, when fate had from their tender mothers torn (before baptism)." - Dryden, "Virgil", London, 1709. Volume 2, pages 427-429.

4. Baptism is for a person only after believing on the Lord Jesus Christ as personal Saviour.

Acts 16:30-33 And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved? And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house. And they spake unto him the word of the Lord, and to all that were in his house. And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed their stripes; and was baptized, he and all his, straightway.

Acts 8:36-38 And as they went on their way, they came unto a certain water: and the eunuch said, See, here is water; what doth hinder me to be baptized? And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. And he commanded the chariot to stand still: and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him.

5. Method of Baptism: Sprinkling vs Immersion.

a. The practice of the Catholic church is to sprinkle babies and new converts into the church.

b. "The most ancient form usually employed was unquestionably immersion. This is not only evident from the writings of the fathers and early rituals of both Latin and Oriental churches, but, it can also be gathered from the Epistles of St. Paul.... In the Latin church, immersion seems to have prevailed until the twelfth century.... Infusion and aspersion, however, were growing common in the thirteenth century and gradually prevailed in the western church." - The Catholic Encyclopedia Volume 2, page 261:

c. Jesus was immersed. Mark 1:9-10 And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan. And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him:

6. Baptism before John the Baptist, or Christ.

a. "In certain sacred rites of the heathen (worship of Isis and Mithra) the mode of initiation is by Baptism." - Tertullian, "De Baptismo", Volume 1, page 1204-1205.

b. Baptism into the religions of ancient times was a rough and formidable process, "if he survived, was then admitted to the knowledge of the mysteries." - Gregorii Nazianzen: "Eliae Comment", Orat. 4, page 245.

c. The worshipers of Odin, are known to have practiced baptismal rites, which, taken in connection with their avowed object in practicing them, show that, originally, at least, they must have believed that the natural guilt and corruption of their newborn children could be washed away by sprinkling them with water, or by plunging them, as soon as born, into lakes or rivers." - Mallet, "Antiquities", (On Anglo-Saxon Baptism). Volume 1, Page 335.

d. When Cortez arrived in Mexico, the natives were already baptizing infants to Chalchivitlycue (the goddess of water). - Prescott, "Mexico", Volume 3, pages 339-340.

B. Justification by Works.

1. Necessary for Salvation.

a. St. Michael the Archangel, has a scale to balance good and bad works upon. This determines your suitability for admittance into heaven. - MacGavin, "Protestant", Page 841, Column 2.

b. "But He (God) absolutely demands that, by penitential works, we punish ourselves for our shocking ingratitude, and satisfy the divine justice for the abuse of His mercy." - Hayes, "Sincere Christian", Vol. 1, page 270.

2. What does the scripture say about our righteousness, of good works.

Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away. Ephesians 2:8-9 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast. Galatians 2:21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.

3. Cannot be certain if you have obtained this justification: "That no man can know with infallible assurance of faith that he HAS OBTAINED the grace of God." - Sharpi, "History of the Council of Trent", Vol. 1, page 353.

4. The Scripture says you can know for sure!

1 John 5:13 These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.

5. Most ancient and recent religions teach that salvation is obtained in part or whole by works.

6. Martin Luther, upon discovering salvation without works said that he was "free as a flower of the field." - Edinburgh Review, January, 1893.

C. Extreme Unction.

1. James 5:14 Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord:

2. To anoint the person dying in the name of the Lord, after they have been shriven and absolved, and thus to prepare them for their last journey.

3. The doctrine was not known in the church for the first one thousand years. - Gibson, Bishop. "Preservative Against Popery". London, 1848, Volume 8, P. 255.

4. Anointing with oil in preparation for death, before Christ.

a. Babylonian god Beelsamen or Lord of Oil.

b. Babylonian king Xerxes.

c. Roman God Saturn.

d. Indian sages, Apollonius and his companion were rubbed with an oil so powerful that they felt as if bathed with fire.

5. To be healed?

James 5:14-15 Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord: And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven him.

D. Saints, worshipped and prayed to.

1. Catholic teaching regarding prayers for the dead is bound up inseparably with the doctrine ... of the communion of the saints ... Prayers to the saints and martyrs collectively, or to some one of the in particular, these are recommended. - The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 4, Page 653-655.

2. Council of Trent: "...the saints who reign together with Christ offer up their own prayers to God for man. It is good and useful suppliantly to invoke them, and to have recourse to their prayers, aid, and help for obtaining benefits from God." - The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 8, Page 70.

3. "The chief objections raised against the intercession and invocation of the saints are that these doctrines are opposed to the faith and trust which we should have in God alone ... and that they cannot be proved from scriptures." - The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 8, Page 70.

4. Saints and what they are patron saints of:

a.  Actors                  	St. Genesius         	August 25 
b.  Architects             	St. Thomas           	December 21 
c.  Astronomers         	St. Cominic          	August 4 
d.  Athletes                	St. Sebastian        	January 20 
e.  Bakers                	St. Elizabeth        	November 19 
f.  Bankers                 	St. Matthew          	September 21 
g.  Beggars               	St. Alexius          	July 17 
h.  Book Sellers         	St. John of God      	March 8 
i.  Bricklayers           	St. Steven           	December 26 
j.  Builders                	St. Vincent Ferrer   	April 5 
k.  Butchers               	St. Hadrian          	September 28 
l.  Cab Driver             	St. Fiarce           	August 30 
m.  Candle-makers    		St. Bernard          	August 20 
n.  Comedians           	St. Vitus            	June 15 
o.  Cooks                   	St. Martha           	July 29 
p.  Dentists                	St. Apollonia       	February 9 
q.  Doctors                 	St. Luke             	October 18 
r.  Editors                 	St. John Bosco       	January 31 
s.  Fishermen            	St. Andrew           	November 30 
t.  Florists                	St. Dorothy          	February 6 
u.  Hat Makers           	St. James            	May 11 
v.  Housekeepers       		St. Anne             	July 26 
w.  Hunters                	St. Hubert           	November 3 
x.  Laborers               	St. James/Greater  	July 25 
y.  Lawyers               	St. Ives             	May 19 
z.  Librarians            	St. Jerome           	September 30 
a.  Merchants           	St. Francis/Assisi   	October 4 
b.  Miners                  	St. Barbara          	December 4 
c.  Musicians            	St. Cecilia          	November 22 
d.  Notaries                	St. Mark/Evangelist	April 25 
e.  Nurses                  	St. Catherine         	April 30 
f.  Painter                 	St. Luke             	October 18 
g.  Pharmacists         	St. Gemma Galgani	April 11 
h.  Plasterers             	St. Bartholomew    	August 24 
i.  Printers                	St. John of God      	March 8 
j.  Sailors                 	St. Brendan          	May 16 
k.  Scientists             	St. Albert           	November 15 
l.  Singers                 	St. Gregory          	March 12 
m.  Steel Workers     		St. Eliguis          	December 1 
n.  Students               	St. Thomas Aquinas	March 7 
o.  Surgeons             	St. Cosmas/Damian	September 27 
p.  Tailors                 	St. Boniface/Credtion 	June 5 
q.  Tax Collectors      	St. Matthew           	September 21 
r.  Barren Women    		St. Anthony 
s.  Beer Drinkers       	St. Nicholas 
t.  Children                	St. Dominic 
u.  Domestic Animals 		St. Anthony 
v.  Emigrants             	St. Francis 
w.  Family Troubles   		St. Eustachius 
x.  Fire                    	St. Lawrence 
y.  Floods                  	St. Columbian 
z.  Lightning Storms    	St. Barbara 
a.  Lovers                  	St. Raphael 
b.  Old Maids             	St. Andrew 
c.  Poor                    	St. Lawrence 
d.  Pregnant Women 		St. Gerard 
e.  Television             	St. Claire 
f.  Apprehend Thieves 		St. Gervase 
g.  Have Children       	St. Felicitas 
h.  Obtain a husband		St. Joseph 
i.  Obtain a wife        	St. Anne 
j.  To find lost articles 	St. Anthony 
k.  Arthritis               	St. James 
l.  Bite of dogs           	St. Hubert 
m.  Bite of snakes      	St. Hilary 
n.  Blindness             	St. Raphael 
o.  Cancer                	St. Peregrine 
p.  Cramps                	St. Murice 
q.  Deafness             	St. Cadoc 
r.  Disease of Breast 		St. Agatha 
s.  Disease of Eyes    		St. Lucy 
t.  Disease of Throat  		St. Blase 
u.  Epilepsy, Nerves   		St. Vitus 
v.  Fever               	St. George 
w.  Foot Diseases      		St. Victor 
x.  Gall Stones         	St. Liberius 
y.  Gout                	St. Andrew 
z.  Headaches           	St. Dennis 
a.  Heart Trouble      		St. John of God 
b.  Insanity            	St. Dympna 
c.  Skin Disease        	St. Roch 
d.  Sterility           	St. Giles 

E. Mass - Communion for Salvation.

1. "In the Celebration of the Holy Mass, the bread and wine are changed into the body and blood of Christ. It is called Transubstantiation, for in the Sacrament of the Eucharist the substance of bread and wine do not remain, but the entire substance of the bread is changed into the body of Christ, and the entire substance of the wine is changed into his blood. The species or outward semblance of bread and wine alone remaining." -The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 4, page 227.

2. When the priest blesses the bread and wine he says in Latin, "Hocest corpus menus" (Hocus Pocus). - Durant, The Reformation, P. 749.

3. Council of Trent:

a. Necessary for Salvation.

b. Not only do the elements of the Mass contain flesh, bones, and nerves as part of Christ, but also a whole Christ. - Encyclopedia of Religions, Volume 2, P. 77.

4. The Scripture - a memorial.

1 Corinthians 11:23-30 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread: And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come. Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body. For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.

5. "A ROMAN MIRACLE" (From: Babylon Mystery Religion by Ralph Woodrow, page 125.)

A Pretty maid, a Protestant, was to a Catholic wed;
To love all Bible truths and tales, quite early she'd been bred.
It sorely grieved her husband's heart that she would not comply,
And join the Mother Church of Rome and heretics deny.
So day by day he flattered her, but still she saw no good
Would ever come from bowing down to idols made of wood.
The Mass, the host, the miracles, were made but to deceive;
And transubstantiation, too, she'd never dare believe.
He went to see his clergyman and told him his sad tale.
"My wife is an unbeliever, sir; you can perhaps prevail;
For all your Romish miracles my wife has strong aversion,
To really work a miracle may lead to her conversion."
The priest went with the gentleman - he thought to gain a prize.
He said, "I will convert her, sir, and open both her eyes."
So when they cam into the house, the husband loudly cried,
"The priest has come to dine with us!" "He's welcome," she replied.
And when, at last, the meal was o'er, the priest at once began,
To teach his hostess all about the sinful state of man;
The greatness of our Savior's love, which Christian's can't deny,
To give Himself a sacrifice and for our sins to die.
"I will return tomorrow, lass, prepare some bread and wine;
The sacramental miracle will stop your soul's decline."
"I'll bake the bread," the lady said. "You may," he did reply,
"And when you've seen this miracle, convinced you'll be, say I."
The priest did come accordingly, the bread and wine did bless.
The lady asked, "Sir, is it changed?" The priest answered, "Yes,
It's changed from common bread and wine to truly flesh and blood;
Begorra, lass, this power of mine has changed it into God!"
So having blessed the bread and wine, to eat they did prepare.
The lady said unto the priest, "I warn you to take care,
For half an ounce of arsenic was mixed right in the batter,
But since you have it nature changed, it cannot really matter."
The priest was struck real dumb - he looked as pale as death.
The bread and wine fell from his hands and he did gasp for breath.
"Bring me my horse!" the priest cried, "This is a cursed home!"
The lady replied, "Begone; tis you who shares the curse of Rome."
The husband, too, he sat surprised, and not a word did say.
At length he spoke, "My dear," said he, "the priest has run away;
To gulp such mummery and tripe, I'm not for sure, quite able;
I'll go with you and we'll renounce this Roman Catholic fable."

- Author Unknown



The Books noted by a "*" are recommended reading.

Athenagoras. "Legito Pro Christ"; Wertzburg, 1777.

Catholic Encyclopedia

Dryden. "Virgil"; London, 1709.

Durant. "The Reformation".

Encyclopedia Britanica

Gibson, Bishop. "Preservative Against Popery", London, 1848.

Gieseler. "Ecclesiastical History"; Edinburgh, 1846.

Hayes, Bishop. "Sincere Christian"; Doublin, Ireland, 1783.

* Hislop, Alexander. "The Two Babylons"; Loizeaux Brothers: Neptune, New Jersey, 1959.

Hurd. "Rome in the 19th Century"

Luther, Martin. "Edinburgh Review", January, 1893.

MacGavin. "Protestant".

Mallet. "Antiquities".

* Martin, Walter. "The Kingdom of the Cults"; Bethany Fellowship, Inc.: Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1977.

Milner, Vincent L. "Religious Denominations of the World"; Bradley, Garretson & Co.: Philadelphia, Pa., 1875.

Nazianzen, Gregorii. "Eliae Comment".

Prescott. "Mexico".

* Rice, John R. False Doctrines - Answered from the Scriptures"; Sword of the Lord: Murfreesboro, TN., 1970.

* Rockwood, Perry F. "Romanism and the Bible"; Peoples Gospel Hour: Halifax, NS., Canada.

* Ruckman, Peter S. "The Book Of Revelation"; Pensacola Bible Press: Pensacola, Florida, 1970.

Sharpi. "History of the Council of Trent".

Stanley. "History of Philosophy"; London, 1687.

Tertullian. "De Baptismo".

* Woodrow, Ralph. "Babylon Mystery Religion"; Riverside, Ca., 1981.


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